1 PROGRAMMA DI INTERVENTO Istruzioni per la compilazione Il Programma di intervento è il formato standard per la presentazione delle proposte al Segretariato di AGIRE. Si tratta di una versione in parte semplificata del single form adottato da ECHO. Il documento va compilato in modo chiaro e sintetico, in lingua italiana o inglese, e deve essere inoltrato in forma elettronica al Segretariato entro 4 settimane dal lancio dell appello. Al Programma di Intervento devo essere allegati i seguenti documenti: Logframe Matrix, Budget di intervento e, qualora il soggetto implementatore sia un partner locale o l alleanza internazionale ovvero il capofila di un consorzio di associati, il relativo Accordo di Partenariato o Accordo di Consorzio. In aggiunta, si può allegare sintetica documentazione relativa al needs assessment condotto dall Associato. Il formato si basa sulla metodologia del ciclo di progetto (PCM). Prima di compilare la parte narrativa del Programma, si suggerisce di lavorare in modo organico sulla Logframe Matrix annessa. Qualora il programma sia multisettoriale, compilare un master logframe, che presenti il programma nel suo insieme e, a cascata, un logframe per ciascuno dei settori inclusi. Per maggiori informazioni sul PCM applicato a questo formato, consultare l ECHO Manual Project Cycle Management (June 2005) 1 e le Logical Framework Guidelines 2, Ulteriori indicazioni sull uso del formato sono disponibili sul documento di ECHO Single Form Guidelines 3. Per compilare il Budget di Intervento (anch esso costruito sul formato ECHO), si faccia invece riferimento alla Budget Nomenclature indicata nelle Budget Guidelines 4 di ECHO. In generale il budget iniziale può essere presentato con il livello di dettaglio indicato nel formato (titolo + capitolo: 4 digit), tuttavia il rapporto finale dovrà prevedere almeno 6 o 8 digit (titolo, capitolo, articolo, elementi). 1 Vedi 2 Vedi 3 Vedi 4 Vedi
2 Appello /Appeal Associato - Consorzio 5 / Member Agency Consortium Titolo del programma / Programme title Nepal earthquake SOS Villaggi dei Bambini Italia SOS - Emergency Response Program and immediate support for children and families affected by earthquake in Nepal Indicare un titolo il più specifico possibile [max 120 caratteri]. Sommario / Abstract Fornire riassunto giornalistico del programma: localizzazione, obiettivi, strategia, beneficiari, risultati attesi. [max 10 righe] The aim of SOS -ERP is to support 2500 children and 1500 families affected by the Nepal Earthquake crisis. SOS Children s Villages is in action in the following areas: Bhaktapur; Kaski; Bharatpur; Lalitpur; Kavre; Kathmandu district. The main activities are: helping unaccompanied children who have been separated from their families; Offering child friendly spaces: these spaces provide places for children to be taken care of in local communities that are safe, and that offer food, clothing and health care if necessary. There are currently 19 set up throughout Nepal; Setting up emergency relief camps: these camps provide food, water and first aid to families and children affected by the earthquake. Distribution of Home in a Box kits: that will enable families to have shelter in the short to medium term. 1. ANALISI DEI BISOGNI / NEEDS ASSESSMENT 1.1 Periodo di assessment / Date(s) of assessment Indicare le date e il periodo di copertura del needs assessment. [max 5 righe] Assessment: the first assessment has been realized immediately in the epicenter of the earthquake by the staff of SOS Children s Villages Nepal. The first analysis of needs and damage assessment has been carried out immediately after the first severe earthquake on 25 th April. In the following weeks, we have received regular updates. 1.2 Metodologia di analisi / Methodology and sources of information used Specificare in quale modo è stata condotta l analisi e quali sono state le fonti di informazione utilizzate. [max 30 righe]. The methodology used for the need assessment: First situation report: A Team ERP of SOS Children s Village Nepal, in the first days, produced a rapid on-site assessment and elaborates report with several visits to different districts and collected information from different stakeholders. 5 Se consorzio, indicare il capofila e le organizzazioni associate consorziate.
3 Alignment with local administrator and other stakeholders: Formal and informal discussion with Local Administrators, with the Government and the different local authorities (Chief District Officer, Police, Army) and with representatives of the various Non-Governmental Organizations and Red Cross. SOS Children s Villages Nepal is also regularly participating in coordination cluster groups most important is in this exchanges the Global Protection Cluster sub-group on child protection. SOS CV Nepal is part of the Central Child Welfare Board which is leading the Tracing and Unification Cluster. SOS CV Nepal is also registered with Women and Children & Social Welfare Ministry and has committed to partner in their activities. Interviews with local communities: Assessment teams spoke with local communities, both in structured groups and in more spontaneous discussions to understand specific needs faced by different vulnerable groups. 1.3 Definizione dei problemi /Problem statement Riassumere i risultati dell analisi dei bisogni, indicando le conclusioni più rilevanti ai fini della programmazione dell intervento. Qualora sia disponibile, allegare eventuale rapporto. [max 1 pagina]. The April 25, 2015 Nepal earthquake (also known as the Gorkha earthquake) killed more than 8,000 people and injured more than 19,000. It occurred at 11:56 NST on 25 April, with a magnitude of 7.8 M. Its epicenter was the village of Barpak, Gorkha District, and its hypocenter was at a depth of approximately 15 km. Hundreds of thousands of people were made homeless with entire villages flattened, across many districts of the country. Centuries-old buildings were destroyed at UNESCO World Heritage sites in the Kathmandu Valley, including some at the Kathmandu Durbar Square, the Patan Durbar Square and the Bhaktapur Durbar Square. Geophysicists and other experts had warned for decades that Nepal was vulnerable to a deadly earthquake, particularly because of its geology, urbanization, and architecture. Continued aftershocks occurred throughout Nepal within minute intervals, with one shock reaching a magnitude of 6.7 on 26 April at 12:54:08 NST. The country also had a continued risk of landslides. Extensive damage has been reported in the areas around: Kathmandu Valley covering districts of Kathmandu, Bhaktapur & Patan (Lalitpur) Kavre, Sindhupalchok, Dolakha, (These on the hills, highway to Tibet) Gorkha, and Dhading (On the highway to Pokhara close to Kathmandu) Nuwakot A second major earthquake occurred on 12 May 2015 at 12:50 NST with a moment magnitude of 7.3. The epicenter was near the Chinese border between the capital of Kathmandu and Mt. Everest. The aftershock caused mass panic as many people were living in the open air after the 25 April quake. "For the first seconds, it was complete silence. By the fifth second, everybody started to scream," said an eyewitness. "It was really, really intense. Even when the shaking stopped, people were still screaming." The tremor caused fresh landslides, and destroyed some buildings which survived the first quake. In Nepal, at least 80 people were killed by the earthquake and more than 1,250 people were injured, primarily in mountain regions of the northeast. Thirty-two of the nation's seventy-five districts were affected by the quake. In Kathmandu, the streets were quickly filled as people fled buildings. Within hours of the quake, tents began to fill open areas of the city as residents were afraid to go back inside. Areas around Mount Everest also saw fresh damage.
4 2. STRATEGIA GENERALE DELL ASSOCIATO / GENERAL STRATEGY 2.1 Strategia paese / Strategy in the country Fornire indicazioni sulla presenza e il lavoro già svolto nell area o nella regione, dando particolare risalto ai collegamenti esistenti con il presente programma. [max 1 pagina]. SOS Children's Villages has been working in Nepal since the 1970s, in response to the dire situation of vulnerable children in the country. In 1972, we began our work close to the capital Kathmandu. Children who had lost parental care found a loving home in the SOS families in SOS Children's Village Sanothimi. A year later, the SOS Hermann Gmeiner School started providing primary and secondary education to children from the SOS families and those from the neighboring families. Two days following the earthquake, SOS Children s Villages was already providing relief services in four locations in Nepal: in Dhulukhel/Kavre, Byashi/Bhaktapur and Khokana/Lalitpur; in addition, also SOS Children's Village Jorpati is providing relief services in Kathmandu with 20 tents for displaced people. 3 SOS Child Friendly Spaces were being set-up: 2 in Bhaktapur and 1 in Kavre. 2 in Gandaki is being setup, 1 is being setup in Patan and more locations are being identified Young people and co-workers from SOS Children s Villages distributed food and home-in-a-box kits to families victims of the earthquake. Co-workers distributed and helped set-up tents for 150 people also in the Bhaktapur city area, six kilometers from SOS Children s Villages Sanothimi. 2.2 Esperienze precedenti / Previous operations Indicare esperienze nell implementazione di programmi simili a quello presentato. Indicare quali lezioni sono state apprese da esse e come hanno influenzato la progettazione dell intervento proposto. [max ½ pagina]. Current emergency relief programmes: Country Year Type of Emergency Immediate Support Central African Republic Armed conflict Child Protection (UASC)/Community Support Niger April 2015 Sep 2015 Malawi Feb 2015 Jan 2016 Syria June 2014 Nov 2015 Lebanon April 2014 August 2015 armed conflict in neighbouring Nigeria Flooding armed conflict Armed conflict - Syria Child Protection, Education, Health, Nutrition, Food & NFI Food & Nutrition, Health, WASH, Shelter & NFI, Education, Child protection & psychosocial support Integrated Temporary Shelters for unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) -Child Friendly Spaces (CFS) -Carry out food distribution to identified beneficiaries with focus on children in our target group Integrated Temporary Shelter for unaccompanied and separated children (UASC)
5 Palestine/Gaza strip Armed conflict Integrated Temporary Shelter for unaccompanied and separated children (UASC), community support Sierra Leone, Guinea, Nov 2014 Ebola outbreak Child Protection, Health, Nutrition, Food Liberia Bosnia Herzegovina, Serbia, Croatia Dec 2015 Jun 2014 Nov 2015 Natural: floods Philippines Nov 2013 Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda & NFI Distribution of basic items such as food, water, medicine, hygienic packages where need arises (2) tools needed for sanitation/drying of the areas and (3) psychosocial support to the adults and the children (CFS and educational mobile teams) most affected by this tragedy SOS established Child friendly spaces for around 1200 beneficiaries, FSP centers providing meals and temporary shelters for SOS-FSP-families. Rebuilding of private houses for the families as a start-up for them. Furthers, SOS will rebuild/repair the public school in Tacloban and of course the SOS Village of Tacloban. 3. QUADRO OPERATIVO / OPERATIONAL FRAMEWORK 3.1 Localizzazione / Exact location of the operation Specificare esattamente dove viene realizzato il programma. Country: Nepal Location of Emergency Programs : Bhaktapur; Kaski; Bharatpur; Lalitpur; Kavre; Kathmandu district The Emergency Program Map:
6 3.2 Periodo di implementazione / Implementation period Indicare data di avvio delle operazioni e durata del programma in mesi. L eleggibilità della spesa può anche essere retroattiva: in tal caso occorrerà specificare le azioni già realizzate nel successivo riquadro delle attività. First phase of the Emergency Program: Start date: April 25 th, 2015 Duration: 9 months Long Term Post Emergency: Start date: January 2016 Duration: 3 years 3.3 Beneficiari / Beneficiaries Indicare: 1) stima attendibile dei beneficiari diretti (per settore di attività); 2) informazioni sulla popolazione potenzialmente interessata ( catchment population); 3) modalità di coinvolgimento dei beneficiari nella definizione, implementazione e valutazione del programma. [Max 1 pagina] Target population and intended beneficiaries: - Children who are unaccompanied or separated immediately following the earthquake. - Children and families affected by the earthquake who have lost parental care or who are at risk of losing parental care. Total number of direct beneficiaries: children and families. The indirect beneficiaries are the rest of the population and families in the areas of intervention. Total Number of indirectly beneficiaries: people
7 3.4 Settori di attività / Sectors of activity Specificare, sottolineandoli, i settori di attività del programma. Food security Non Food Items Water & Sanitation Rehabilitation/continuum Health Disaster preparedness & mitigation Nutrition Special mandates Shelter Specific actions Demining and awareness 3.5 Obiettivi generali / Principal objectives Specificare gli obiettivi generali a cui il programma intende contribuire. [Max 40 righe] Overall Objective: Contribute to alleviate the suffering of children and families affected by the Nepal earthquake ensuring humanitarian protection. 3.6 Obiettivo specifico / Specific objective Indicare, per ciascun settore di attività, l obiettivo specifico che si intende realizzare. L obiettivo specifico deve essere uno solo per ciascun logframe. [Max 1,5 pagine] Specific Objectives: 1. Assisting and protection 500 un-accompanied and separated children provided long term care in the Children s Villages and temporary care until they can be re united with their parent(s) or put in the care of a responsible and willing relative. 2. Setting up of the 14 Child Care Spaces for children to provide immediate relief to overcome trauma and shock in a safe and secure environment. 3. Providing relief materials (Home in a box with food and Non Food Items) and temporary shelters for families affected by earthquake. 3.7 Risultati e indicatori / Results and indicators Definire gli output del programma, indicando per ciascuno di essi l obiettivo specifico a cui si riferiscono. I risultati sono sostanzialmente i prodotti finali delle attività intraprese. Aggiungere anche i relativi indicatori ( smart ) e le fonti di verifica per il successivo monitoraggio del programma. [Max 2 pagine] Result 1: Un-accompanied and separated children are provided long term care in the Children s Villages and temporary care until they can be re-united with their parent(s) or put in the care of a responsible and willing relative Objectively Verifiable Indicators (OVIs) R 1.1: Identified needy children are provided over all Long term care and support through 10 SOS CV. R 1.2: Identified needy children provided medical check-ups and other support Follow-ups with the Government/family of origin shall be made for assessing the possibility of reunification R 1.3: Follow-ups with the Government/family of origin shall be made for assessing the possibility of reunification Means of Verification (MOVs) - CV record - Maintenance of the basic and Medical files of the children - Other record as maintained in the CV - Basic file maintain in the CV regarding the communication with the Government and whereabouts of the family of origin
8 Result 2: Setting up of the Child Care Spaces to provide, Immediate relief to overcome trauma and shock in a safe and secure environment. Objectively Verifiable Indicators (OVIs) R 2.1: Identified needy children provided with psycho-social counselling and trauma healing activity R 2.2: Identified needy children involved in play therapy to recover from trauma, activity including painting, drawing and other modes of play and different activities through which we may engage them purposefully R 2.3: identified needy children in CCS provided food Means of Verification (MOVs) - N of phycho-social counselling sessions - Drawing and Painting, Stories Telling record - Meetings notes and register - Group pictures for documentations and reports - Extra co-workers training and attendance register - Food stuff procurement register/demand form Result 3: Identified Families affected by earthquake receiving relief materials for their survival and a temporary shelter Objectively Verifiable Indicators (OVIs) R 3.1: Identified needy families catered through relief camps receive relief materials like food, water, Basic medical attention, tents, blankets and other relief material. R 3.2: Identified needy families receiving Home in a Box support that contains Basic utensils, mosquito net, mattresses etc. R 3.3 identified family received immediate shelter/ accommodation as per the recommended norms of branding. Means of Verification (MOVs) - Relief register - Distribution register - Home in a box distribution register - Rented building record - Meeting register - Case study and reports - Pictures and reports 3.8 Attività / Activities Descrivere le azioni che si devono intraprendere per ottenere i risultati sopra indicati e indicare una tempistica generale di realizzazione. Mantenere anche in questa sezione la suddivisione per settori di attività. [Max 3 pagine] Activities to Result Identification of beneficiaries through primary survey and secondary information from other sources 1.2 Short term provision for temporary care while efforts for reunification is undertaken(this action will continue during rehabilitation of children) Activities to Result Development of robust design for CCS that can resist rain and wind and provide safe and secure space for children Means and resources - Co-workers undertaking primary survey, contacting other NGOs, Government officials - Filling up the ERP forms and documents - Volunteers or extra co-workers support Means and resources - Co-workers undertaking primary survey, contacting other NGOs, Government officials - Filling up the ERP forms and documents
9 2.2 Enrolling children in Child Care Spaces for trauma healing and development with impact assessment evaluation 2.3 Psycho-social counselling and trauma therapy for children 2.4 Medical support and nutrition diet to the children Activities to Result Determine the appropriate contents for the home in a box kit, purchasing, packing, Branding and distribution of Home in a Box to families in relief camp and to the FSP families - Volunteers or extra co-workers support - Training of co-workers on Child protection and rights/ minimum requirement during emergency/psychological first Aid - Recruiting/training ERP team in SOS CV Nepal - Development of a schedule for impact (pre and post) assessment of children to show the results - Employing Psycho-social counsellors and providing the training/induction as per SOS documents - Medical Check-up by Doctors - Preparation of Diet Chart with the help of Dietitian - Provide medicines/ vitamin supplements as per the needs - Prepare/procure the nutritional age appropriate diet for the children Means and resources - Procurement of items for Home in a Box as per the listed contents with appropriate branding on it. - Distribution to identified beneficiaries and building capacity on its utilisation. 3.9 Monitoraggio e valutazione / Monitoring and Evaluation Indicare i meccanismi di monitoraggio e valutazione previsti dall Associato come complementari a quelli disposti dal Segretariato di AGIRE. [Max 1 pagina] In the current phase of the emergency response of SOS Children s Villages, SOS Children s Village Nepal is sharing narrative progress reports on a weekly basis. These reports provide information on programme progress, changes in the local context and form the basis for operational decission and the weekly coordination conferences between the various stakeholders of the federation. SOS Children s Villages Nepal is accompanied on-site in the formulation and implemenation of relief and rehabiliation activities also by headquarter colleagues from India and Austria. Regular exchanges in Nepal for mututal exchange, capacity building and monitoring are forseen throughout implementation. SOS Children s Villages Nepal is currently providing reports of financial expenditure to the general secretariat on a monthly basis. Aggregated quarterly expenditure reports are made available to the entire federation.
10 4. RISCHI E CONDIZIONI / RISKS AND ASSUMPTIONS 4.1 Pre-condizioni / Pre-conditions Identificare le ipotesi favorevoli che devono essere soddisfatte prima che abbia inizio la realizzazione del programma. [Max ½ pagina] SOS Children s Villages Nepal have its National Office at Kathmandu in Bhaktapur District and the office has all the required equipment s and infrastructure facilities. SOS Children's Villages has been working in Nepal since the 1970s with 10 SOS Children s Villages. This strong temporal and territorial presence guarantees a good capacity to work in the target areas and knowledge of context has allowed, even during the assessment phase, a detailed reading of the reality on the ground. The entire staff is local with adequate experience and capacity to work in these situations. 4.2 Analisi dei rischi / Risk assessment Identificare i fattori esterni che possono impedire il raggiungimento di obiettivi generali e specifici e la realizzazione delle attività previste. Definire per ciascuno di essi le strategie di risposta previste. [Max 1 pagina] Risk factor Significance Suggested mitigation measure (high, Medium, Low) Child Abuse High Orientation on child abuse prevention to caregivers, parents and other stakeholders so that incidences are prevented and risk free environment is ensured within the target group and in CCS Government Support Medium Government s policy towards area development leading to relocation/shifting of the families may affect the project implementation Economic Situation High Essential commodity prices have skyrocketed due to hoarding and black marketing by traders in relatively less affected areas. Prices of other essential items and services have also sky rocketed after the earthquake. Though the government has issued a letter asking citizens to maintain the local market price but it is in vain. The price of cauliflower doubled to Rs 60 per kilogram (kg) from its earlier price of Rs 30. Tomato has soared to Rs 60 per kg from Rs 40 while the price of radish tripled to Rs 30 from Rs 10 per kg. Likewise, the price of bottle gourd doubled to Rs 40 and that of pumpkin surged to Rs 40 from Rs 30 while the price of green chilli soared to Rs 60 per kg from Rs. 60. The shopkeeper complained about the blockage of transportation due to landslide behind
11 the soaring vegetable prices. Beside these there are so many examples of unrealistic high prices in the market. Geographical situation High - Difficulty reaching the remote places of the highly earthquake affected areas in mountainous regions. - High risk of running the CCS in the tents as the pre-monsoon rain in some of the areas has disturbed to continue the CCS activities. We will have to erect some tin roofed temporary shades to smoothly run the CCSs in some of the locations. - Earthquake victims are having problem with the temporary shelter as they are not safe in the plastic tents. In the remote areas even the plastic tents have not reached in the enough quantity to distribute to all the families. In order to protect the victims the monsoon rain they need to be provided with some tin sheets so that they can make the temporary shades with the left over timbers and bricks/stones of the collapsed houses. 5. SICUREZZA /SECURITY 5.1 Situazione sul terreno / Situation in the field Fornire una valutazione sulla sicurezza sul terreno relativa all attuazione del programma. [Max 30 righe] We have no security problem for our staff to more around in our SOS Locations. Overall security situation in the country is fair. Because of the blockage of the road, due to landslide the roads to the mountainous areas of the earthquake, affected areas have been blocked and it is really difficult to reach the beneficiaries in these areas. Government has been airlifting the injured people from these areas and supplying the relief materials by air. As most of the areas are located on hilly terrain, mud slide/ land slide or heavy rain flooding of the area may affect the target group and proper implementation of the project. 5.2 Protocolli di sicurezza / Security protocol Riassumere i protocolli di sicurezza adottati dall organizzazione e quelli specifici messi in atto per questo programma. [Max ½ pagina] No particular issues regarding the security have been identified. 6. RISORSE NECESSARIE / RESOURCES REQUIRED
12 6.1 Budget di programma / Total budget Indicare il budget complessivo dell intervento e fornire eventuale giustificazione dei centri di costo considerati più rilevanti [Max ½ pagina]. Total budget: , 00 euro (attached) 6.2 Risorse umane / Human resources Indicate le figure di staff necessarie alla realizzazione del programma, evidenziando quali sono direttamente coinvolte nelle attività e quali svolgono invece funzioni di supporto. Specificare eventuale staff a livello di headquarters. [Max ½ pagina] Total human resources: directly involved in the program activities (Project Managers, Projects Staff, 2 psychologists, 1 Finance officer, 2 Field officer) + 97 in support (SOS co-workers and SOS mothers). 6.3 Risorse materiali / Material resources Indicare veicoli, equipaggiamenti e attrezzature da acquistare o noleggiare per la realizzazione del programma. Specificare le modalità di procurement e successivo hand-over. [Max ½ pagina] Procurement process is in place and being followed. Two members procurement committee has been formed. The in charge of procurement committee has to take the approval of Deputy National Director for the procurement of good in bulk quantities. Till this week we haven t acquired large materials. 7. SOSTENIBILITA E TEMI TRASVERSALI / SUSTAINABILITY AND MAINSTREAMING 7.1 Exit Strategy Indicare strategie di hand-over, coordinamento con organizzazioni e/o autorità locali, iniziative di capacity building,etc. SOS Children s Villages Nepal is in close cooperation with local government and regional authorities as well as community leaders. This cooperation is based on a long-term basis as SOS Children s Villages is working in Nepal as humanitarian actor since the early 1970s and will carry on its support especially for children and young people in the small and less developed Himalayan country in the years to come. The SOS emergency response project in Nepal is planned to run until the end of 2018 and will cover three phases of relief, rehabilitation, and development work with smooth transitions between the phases to ensure a holistic approach of short term relief and long-term development to guarantee empowerment of vulnerable children and their families. Furthermore, the activities of this emergency project will be transitioned into existing programmes or extended programmes of SOS Children s Villages Nepal according to the local situation and needs. Moreover, SOS Children s villages started to engage in partnerships with other Humanitarian Organisation in the field (mainly local NGOs, but also international actors) and these partnerships will be maintained throughout the emergency project and beyond as well as further intensified.
13 7.2 Linking Descrivere come si intende collegare il programma di risposta all emergenza con le attività di ricostruzione e sostegno allo sviluppo già in corso o previste per il futuro. - Planning the next steps of rehabilitation and livelihoods programs for the earthquake victims. (Regional Office will be sending two coworkers from RO and SOS Children s Villages India to do the preliminary assessment of the rehabilitation and livelihood program planning.) - Identification of the appropriate locations (villages) for the reconstruction of houses for the most needy earthquake victims. 7.3 Cross Cutting Issues Indicare in che modo si intendono tenere in considerazione i seguenti temi trasversali: diritti umani, genere, impatto ambientale, prevenzione dei rischi [Max 1 pagina] All SOS Children s Villages Associations around the globe co-operate and run their programmes on the basis of a joint policy framework comprising guidance on a variety of topics relevant when implementing programmes in the context of development or humanitarian assistance. The SOS CV policy framework reflects first and foremost on Child Rights and Child Protection, which are topics furthermore tackled by the Code of Conduct that has to be respected by every SOS co-worker or volunteer across all programmes worldwide. As signatory of the Code of Conduct for The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief, our vision of humanitarian aid is based on International Humanitarian Law and the Humanitarian Imperative, and our conduct in all aspects of emergencies is guided by the principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence. SOS programme work is also based on an understanding of gender equality amongst children and adults within our target groups. Our special focus is on issues related to care such as the protection of children against violence and providing equal access for girls and boys to programme services, e.g. care and protection, education and health care. In recognition of the disadvantages that females face in many parts of the world, SOS CV also believes in the empowerment of girls and women and practises zero tolerance against gender-based discrimination or violence in our programmes. As it could be observed that in emergency situations, girls, children with disabilities and children affected by HIV and AIDS or children from ethnic or religious minorities face even more risks of discrimination, violence and abandonment, SOS CV pays special attention in its emergency programmes to anti-discrimination of female programme participants, but also children and their caregivers that are affected by HIV/Aids or in another way suffering from marginalization, may it be due to special needs, due to their religious believes or social background. SOS Children s Villages programme work also takes into account issues as sustainable development and green practices. The respective policy and guidance framework is still in development, but all programmes are in general encouraged to practise a responsible and economical use of natural resources in order to promote environmental sustainability. 8. COORDINAMENTO / COORDINATION 8.1 Accordi con autorità nazionali e locali / National and local authorities Indicare se sono state ottenute autorizzazioni ad operare, oppure sono stati siglati MOU o accordi con le autorità nazionali e locali. Due to its long-standing engagement, SOS Children s Villages Nepal is well connected and recognized.