Innovation and Industry Life Cycle: the Case of US Tire Industry ( )

Dimensione: px
Iniziare la visualizzazioe della pagina:

Download "Innovation and Industry Life Cycle: the Case of US Tire Industry (1901-1930)"

Transcript

1 UNIVERSITA' DEGLI STUDI DI BRESCIA FACOLTA' DI INGEGNERIA Corso di laurea in Ingegneria Gestionale Tesi di laurea Specialistica Innovation and Industry Life Cycle: the Case of US Tire Industry ( ) Innovazione e Ciclo di Vita Industriale: il Caso dell Industria statunitense dei Pneumatici ( ) RELATORE: Prof. Francesco Lissoni CORRELATORE: Prof. Guido Bünstorf LAUREANDA: Chiara Bonomelli Matr Anno Accademico

2 I am always doing that which I cannot do, in order that I may learn how to do it Pablo Picasso

3 Acknowledgments Acknowledgments This research project would not have been possible without the support of many people. I would like to express my gratitude to my supervisor, Prof. Francesco Lissoni, whose expertise, understanding and patience added considerable value to my graduate experience. It is a great pleasure to thank also my co-supervisor, Prof. Guido Buenstorf, for having offered me the opportunity of working at Max Planck Institut on an exciting research project, which after 14 (largely enjoyable) months culminated in this thesis. Ich möchte mich recht herzlich bedanken mit meinen Freund in Jena (Marco, Karolina, Igor, Andrea und die "genovesi"), wir haben unvergessliche Zeit beim Arbeiten, Studium und Flower Power zusammen verbracht. Quasi (e dico quasi perché chi mi conosce lo sa) mi emoziono a pensar di dover salutare i miei compagni di università dopo tutte le giornate trascorse tra CAD, Ca Noa, ansie pre e post esame...beh non posso nominarli tutti, ma chiunque abbia condiviso almeno un pirlo al Jolly bar o un nettare dall immenso Beppe sa che lo sto pensando... Devo particolare riconoscenza anche alla mia famiglia e soprattutto a Nicolò (in attesa del processo beatificazione dopo questi mesi) per aver sopportato i miei periodi di stress, ansie e paranoie universitarie con infinita pazienza. iv

4 Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 Introduction Theoretical Background Introduction Discovery, knowledge, invention and innovation: basic notions Common classification of inventions and innovations Basic vs. derived inventions Radical vs. incremental innovations Disruptive vs. sustaining innovations Freeman/Perez taxonomy Henderson/Clark classification Product and process inventions Patents: a quantification of innovation The number of patents as quantitative measure for innovation Patent citations as a qualitative measure for innovation Limitations in patent analysis The idea of the innovation cycles Kondratiev and the long waves theory The destructive and supporting nature of innovation cycles Neo-Schumpeterians and Evolutionary theories Industry Life Cycle studies The Dominant design model - Abernathy and Utterback The Minimum Efficient Scale model Mac Donald and Jovanovic The Evolutionary model of Industrial Life Cycle -Klepper The Carree-Thurik model v

5 Table of Contents 3 The US Tire Industry Introduction A brief history of rubber Milestones before the 20th century The period The development of the US Tire Industry The 19th century foundations The beginning of the 20th century The 1910s The 1920s Product and Process famous innovations Historical product innovations Fundamental steps in process innovation Methodology Introduction Data collection USPTO classification Different steps of the reclassification process Tire Class [1, 0] Proxy Procedure Technological classification Use of citations Evidence and Trends Introduction Reclassification of the data Fields of tire inventions The dynamic pattern of tire inventions Product-design invention path Product patents: citations analysis Process inventions path Process patents: citations analysis Chemical inventions path A summary of the major findings vi

6 Table of Contents 6 Conclusion Summary in Italian language Introduzione Contesto teorico Scoperta, Conoscenza, Innovazione ed Invenzione Classificazioni di innovazioni ed invenzioni L utilizzo dei brevetti come approssimazione dell innovazione L'innovazione come fenomeno ciclico Il ciclo di vita industriale Il contesto storico: l industria dei pneumatici negli USA La gomma: l introduzione al suo utilizzo industriale Lo sviluppo dell industria statunitense di pneumatici Principali innovazioni di prodotto e di processo Metodologia Il dataset Il processo di riclassificazione Evidenze empiriche e risultati Riclassificazione del dataset L innovazione tecnologica nell industria dei pneumatici Conclusioni Risultati Limiti dell indagine e possibili sviluppi della ricerca Appendix A Appendix B Appendix C References vii

7

8 Introduction 1 Introduction These pages conclude a research activity that I started in September 2009 during my stay at the Max Planck Institut für Ökonomik in Jena. The institute is part of the Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science, Germany's largest and most productive research organization. I joined for 7 months the Evolutionary Economics Group, whose main branch of research focuses on the systematic transformations that economic institutions, production and consumption activities undergo over time. The general purpose is to explain the driving forces behind the historical transformations and the likely consequences for our economy. In a broader perspective, this field of research connects the type of evolution underlying man-made transformations to evolution in nature. The research group works with a variety of theoretical concepts and empirical methods. Particularly, I assisted Prof. Guido Buenstorf in his inquiry on Industrial Life Cycle dynamics, which, as a consequence, became also the focus of my dissertation work. I finished this research back to Italy, within the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering (Università degli Studi di Brescia) under the constant supervision of Prof. Francesco Lissoni and the continuous support of Max Planck Institute staff. * * * 9

9 Introduction This research aims to appraise how different types of technological inventions appeared during the Tire Industry Life Cycle development. In particular, I re-evaluated from a totally new pool of data findings on Tire Industry Dynamics emerged from previous researches (see Klepper and Simons, Mac Donald and Jovanovic works). The procedure of patents analysis as proxy for innovation followed those exposed in literature in other studies; the novelty was the creation of a new classification based on USPTO (United States Patent and Trademark Office) class, which allowed me to split the set according to different inventions purposes. I aggregated data in time series and drew same paths explaining: the role of product innovations; the processes of acquiring and specializing technical knowledge; the dynamics of imitation and substitution in industries, according to the role of entrepreneurship in the development of firms and industries themselves. On a broader side, this work could be a useful pattern for future researches aimed to the evaluation of innovation impact using different patent classifications, which investigate the specific two ways link between different technological inventions and their industrial impact. * * * The dissertation is structured as follows. Chapter 2 can be divided in two broad branches according to the title: Innovation and Industrial Dynamics. In the first part the multiple definitions and possible classifications of innovations are displayed; in the second an historical overview of the Economic Cycle idea allows the reader to understand the foundations and the commitment leading the investigation with an Evolutionary Approach. In particular, in the end, I place special emphasis on specific Industry Life Cycle theories, sources of the basic hypotheses which directed my research. Chapter 3 introduces the reader to the historical context. The main events which influenced tire and rubber increasing consumption, the principal industrial changes in competition during the beginning of the 20th century are reported in order to refine the research basement with other empirical data. 10

10 Introduction Chapter 4 goes into detail on the methodology used to harvest information from USPTO classification and to create the time series of interest. It also describes the database structure built to organize the findings. Chapter 5 focuses on the discussion of the main results obtained in the end of the research project. It carries out a series of descriptive statistics aimed to support or reject the previous assumptions on the role of innovation in the tire industry. Chapter 6 summarizes the major findings and suggests other possibilities of research in this field of study. Chapter 7 includes a summary in Italian language, necessary to complete the dissertation work. Lastly, three appendixes are reported to add more technical information on the methodological choices and analysis comments. Appendix A lists all the USPC (United States Patent Classes) dropped by the first step of dataset cleaning; Appendix B shows the drawing of the most cited product patents in order to give to the reader more information to understand some technical findings; Appendix C shows the drawing of the most cited process patents for the same reasons above mentioned. 11

11 Theoretical Background 2 Theoretical Background 2.1 Introduction In this chapter the reader can find an overview of the theoretical literature that guided me in the analysis. I have chosen to present these concepts following the structure of the title, from the words invention and innovation to the concept of Industry Life Cycle. In the parts I focus on the notions of invention and innovation and their most common classifications; in 2.4 I discuss the relationship between inventions and patents, deepening the theories that support the choice of patents as a qualitative and quantitative proxy for innovation; in 2.4 I describe what milestones have marked the technological change of the 20 century; in 2.5, finally, I investigate more specifically four models concerning the Industry Life Cycle, upon which I will base my own research effort. 12

12 Theoretical Background 2.2 Discovery, knowledge, invention and innovation: basic notions In everyday life some of the above mentioned terms may be used interchangeably without giving rise to misunderstandings, although in economic studies each word refers to an exact concept. This implies that the choice of an expression rather than another is not arbitrary, but strictly linked to a well-defined meaning. In what follows I report the definitions proposed by Alfred Lorn Norman (1993). A discovery is a new increment to knowledge, which is commonly defined as understanding the behavior of observable natural phenomena as well as structure of logical relationship. Discoveries are the creation of new conjectures, the observation of new behavioral relationships and, more generally, finding out or ascertaining something previously unknown/unrecognized. Discoveries are made by providing observational evidences and attempt to develop a preliminary, rough explanation of some phenomena. Knowledge is the sum of all the factors that have the potential to influence human thought and behavior and that sometimes allow the explanation, prediction, and control of physical phenomena (Hall & Andriani, 2003 p.145). Knowledge can be partitioned into theoretical and empirical. Theorists tend to create models to clarify and forecast behavior; they adopt various approaches like qualitative models based on intuitions or mathematical models formulized on strong hypothesis and axioms. Empiricists, on the contrary, observe behavioral interactions; the methodology in this branch of research is still not common and unique, hence data collections can be obtained by controlled experiments or unstructured observations. Knowledge can be also tacit (uncodified) or explicit (codified). Tacit knowledge is acquired by experience and it is not easy to transmit because it is not formally structured. Explicit knowledge, otherwise, has been captured in a code or a language that facilitates communication; in addition, it does not explain only why things work, but also enables the prediction of the outcome of novel phenomena. Current knowledge can be synthesized as the sum of prior discoveries gathered through observations with previously acquired knowledge. 13

13 Theoretical Background An invention is a new manmade idea (it can be a new compound, device or process), whose economic value is still unknown. Inventions can be major that is created without the use of other existing invention, or derived with the purpose of refining one or more preexisting technologies. In any case the term invention is attributable only to new recipes (not found before in nature) that solve new or unsolved technical problems. An innovation is the creation or the implementation of new alternatives, which attain higher performances in a goal directed behavior (Norman, 1993). The idea of goal directed behavior guides the use of creativity and knowledge in order to get specific purposes. Furthermore, this focus on specific objectives is essential to make out detailed criteria that quantify the real worth of inventions. From an economic perspective, the most common example of goal directed behavior is the R&D effort to get higher profits; according to the revenue-goal only commercial inventions can be considered real innovations. However an innovation does not necessarily need to be based on inventions (i.e. organizational innovations); the creative activity can be considered just a special category among solutions which increase profit performances. The pioneer who began to lay the foundations in the delineation of these concepts was Joseph Schumpeter. For Schumpeter, the invention is something purely scientific, while the innovation is to do "something new" in the economic system: a new product, market or production process (Schumpeter, 1934). The interactions and interpenetrations among these activities are numerous and consequently it is hard to demarcate a clear boundary line between these definitions. First of all, I want to emphasize the key role of knowledge. The basic knowledge (built on theoretical and/or empirical results) is the starting and finishing point of every process of scientific progress. All previous discoveries and inventions generate the preconditions for conducing further research and innovation activities, which in turn will become part of what we consider acquired knowledge. The process seems linear as whether these events are strictly consequential, indeed most of the links are two ways. Discoveries frequently release opportunities for inventions, but the full economic development often requires additional discoveries invention-specific. The same correlation suits also for discoveries and innovations: a theoretical discovery can promote innovation in the 14

14 Theoretical Background practical application or, otherwise, a particular remunerative innovation could stimulate a new stream of research. Finally, discoveries, inventions and innovations frequently lead to a synergic accumulation of knowledge. The organization of the whole knowledge is usually structured and modular; thus an inventor does not need to comprehend all the theoretical background of a specific industry, because the process of invention requires just a branch of specific concepts. This modular specialization of technology greatly facilitates invention by limiting the necessary notions. Investigating the reverse implication, researchers identified a multiplier effect that helps knowledge accumulation. The major contribution was brought by Rosenberg (1982), who suggested that economics and technology influence the scientific development and vice versa. Basically, the mechanism establishes a positive cascading effect resultant by the introduction of an innovative technology that brought a significant increase in practical knowledge. In this context technical problems, difficult to overcome with incremental adjustments, can arise: this condition spurs the circle to restart from basic research and so on. 15

15 Theoretical Background 2.3 Common classification of inventions and innovations In the field of Economics of Innovation the investigation focuses primarily on innovations. The latter represent the valuable inputs that transform, more or less strongly, the economic environment. On the other hand, an innovation cannot be recognized ex ante among new technologies, because its economic potential is not yet known. In some researches the aim is exactly to build a proper classification of innovations; in these situations other sources of information have to be passed in review. The main contributors are patented inventions, which provide many data on the technological field and the context (year, place, inventor, assignee etc). In this approach, the innovations are a subset of inventions (innovations not based on inventions are not detected), hence classifications valid for inventions stands also for innovations. In the broad categories described in 2.2 innovations, inventions and discoveries are then easily separated. Within these groups huge differences among singular entities remain and it is therefore common to structure subgroups according to specific criteria. The discriminating parameters may be objective or based on subjective assumption Basic vs. derived inventions A typical objective criterion is the exploit of previous inventions. There are indeed (Meurer and Nard, 2005): Basic inventions created without the use of prior inventions; Derived inventions implemented by using one or more preexisting inventions. Anyway it is necessary that the result obtained works out a new technical problem or not yet solved. In turn derived inventions can be subdivided further into: Refinements inventions, they offer a solution in a different form that leads to a significant improvement compared with the pre-existing performance; 16

16 Theoretical Background Transfer inventions, they import in a new sector a prior invention drawing new and original results (allow a different use of the previous idea); Combination innovations, they achieve new and original results through coordination of new and original elements with means already known. An invention can be objectively placed in one of these sub-categories referring to the background of prior knowledge (e.g. prior patents citations) drawn by the inventor. In terms of "utmost importance", it could be a huge mistake estimating as innovation the inventions just in proportion to their contribution of additive knowledge. This deduction is sometimes verified due to the inverse entailment, in fact, those innovations recognized as radicals produce knowledge totally unexplored. The inference, however, cannot be bijective because there are many inventions that could revolutionize the way of operating, but they do not have any economic value once implemented. Other instruments are used to discern with more certainty innovation from simple inventions and they are explained in the chapter on patent analysis Radical vs. incremental innovations The distinction between radical and incremental innovation is a more subjective classification. It is difficult to assess who pioneered the incremental/radical dichotomy, partly because the concept was introduced by many authors often with different expressions but the same meaning. Abernathy and Utterback (1978) differentiated incremental from radical innovation, while Porter (1986) distinguished between continuous and discontinuous technological changes. Some scholars identify as discerning variable the amount of extra knowledge (Deward & Dutton, 1986) and define as radical innovations the technical processes with an high degree of new knowledge and incremental those with a low level. Hall and Andriani (2003) redraft the notion of radical/incremental on same reflections, moreover they take into account the role of knowledge more widespread. The new knowledge can be additive or substitutive. In incremental innovations, the core of the new technology builds upon the existing pool of individual skills, organizational routines, and general knowledge; in the radical ones, the knowledge has the potential to disrupt the prior state of the art and may require 17

17 Theoretical Background significant unlearning of existing skills, routines to develop new modus operandi. In their research the analysis on knowledge is two dimensions: the amount of new knowledge and the degree to which the knowledge is substitutive. Figure 2.1: The innovation plot (Hall & Andriani, 2003 p.149) Other researchers have instead stressed the importance on the effect of the introduction of the innovation in the economic environment (Freeman & Perez, 1988).Truly new products and processes, emerged from unpredictable departure from the "normal technological trajectory", were defined radical innovation. They are discontinuous events that cannot be attributed to the cumulative addition of incremental modifications or to some improvements to existing technologies. They are essential as potential springboards for the growth of new markets (radical product) or for big improvements in the cost and quality of existing products (radical process innovations). Incremental innovation has no dramatic effects on the economy and they often pass unnoticed and unrecorded. Their combined effect, on the contrary, is extremely important in the growth of productivity and in further product improvements, particularly in the period after a radical breakthrough. 18

18 Theoretical Background Summarily, two are the most common dimensions used to separate an incremental from a radical innovation: The Internal dimension refers to the knowledge and resources involved. An incremental innovation builds upon existing knowledge (competence-enhancing), on the contrary, a radical innovation requires completely new knowledge (competence-destroying). The External dimension differentiates the innovation on the impact upon the market competitiveness. An incremental innovation involves modest technological changes and the existing products on the market remain competitive, otherwise a radical innovation instead involves large technological advancements, rendering the existing products non-competitive or obsolete Disruptive vs. sustaining innovations The term disruptive technology was coined by Clayton M. Christensen in his article Disruptive Technologies: Catching the Wave co-wrote with Joseph Bower (Bower and Christensen, 1995) and refined in the book The Innovator's Dilemma (Christensen, 1997). This breakdown emphasizes the features described above. The categorization is based primarily on the concept of continuity. When a measurable trajectory of improvement has been established, two types of technology changes can appear: several innovations sustain the industry's rate of improvement in product performance (in terms to improvements of total capacity and product performances etc) and, by contrast, others disrupt or redefined the present trajectories. Disruptive technology and disruptive innovation are terms used to describe changes in ways that the market does not expect. It is significant to clarify how disruptive and radical are two definitions not perfectly symmetric. As a matter of facts radical innovations are not always disrupting. The automobile, for example, was a revolutionary innovation but not disruptive; this was much more the case of Ford T model, which we regarded as disruptive because it reduced dramatically the market for horse-drawn vehicles. 19

19 Theoretical Background Figure 2.2: Disruptive technology trajectory (Bower & Christensen, 1995 p. 49) Freeman/Perez taxonomy Four possible innovation categories have been identified by Freeman and Perez (1988). 1. Incremental innovations occur more or less continuously in any industry or service activity, but at differing rates depending upon a combination of demand pressures, socio-cultural factors, technological opportunities and trajectories. The single incremental innovation does not influence strongly the market; however, their combined effect is awfully significant and the cumulative impact can lead to an increase in productivity greater than radical innovations. Generally, the progressive evolution of incremental innovations on a technological trajectory is more or less predictable during the product life cycle. 20

20 Theoretical Background 2. Radical innovations are considered especially innovative products and processes. They are discontinuous events and they are typically results originating from breakthroughs in basic research or from specific searches for a technical solution to an identified market need. Over long periods of time, radical innovations may have dramatic effects on the dynamics of competition among companies. Sometimes they may even start the rise of an entirely new industry, in which they constitute the new technological system. 3. Systemic innovations are changes in technology affecting several branches of the economy and giving rise to entirely new industrial sectors. They are successful combination of radical, incremental, organizational innovations that involve many firms, forming the so called "clusters phenomena. They frequently guide to a proliferation of radical innovations that diffuse into the economy and generate a large number of minor refinement innovations ( bandwagon effect"). 4. New techno-economic paradigms represent changes in technological systems that correspond to the "creative gales of destruction" (Schumpeterian concept revised and refined by Freeman and Perez). This type of innovation transforms a vast array of economic activities, leading to a series of interrelated effects such as: drastic reductions in the general costs, strong improvements in products and processes characteristics, pervasive effects throughout the entire economy, etc Henderson/Clark classification Henderson and Clark (1990) also remarked that the incremental/radical dichotomy was not exhaustive to explain all the possible situations. They suggest to classify the technological knowledge required to develop new products (and consequently possible innovations) along two new dimensions: knowledge of the components and architectural knowledge (knowledge on the links between them). 21

21 Theoretical Background Figure 2.3: Henderson/Clark model (Handerson & Clark, 1990, p. 11) According to the Henderson-Clark model, an incremental innovation is based upon existing component and architectural knowledge. A modular innovation, indeed, requires new knowledge for one or more components, but the architectural knowledge remains unchanged. The opposite of modular innovation is the architectural innovation; this type has a great impact upon the linkage of components, but the knowledge of single components remains the same. Finally, when a certain innovation revolutionizes both component and architectural knowledge is defined radical innovation. In practice, distinguishing between incremental, architectural or modular innovations is not an elementary task especially from a strategic viewpoint; the companies must pay particular attention, because the competencies and strategies required for one type of innovation might not suit perfectly the others Product and process inventions Another key classification method relates to the aims pursued by the invention. A generic partition, applicable more or less to all industries, concerns product and process invention. Although the subdivision refers to "structural" properties, it is tricky allocate 22

22 Theoretical Background them correctly. The greatest contribution in the explanation of these concepts was given by Abernathy, Utterback and Suarez (Abernathy & Utterback, 1978; Utterback, 1994; Utterback & Suarez, ). Product innovation is defined as the development of new products, the changes in design of prior goods or the use of new materials/components in established products. It leads to a change in the physical characteristics of a product or the creation of a new one. Process innovation is a new approach in process reengineering, a change in the way a product or service is manufactured, created, or distributed. Another important approach is due to Pavitt (1984). Pavitt define as product the innovations used outside the industry that generate them and as process those used in the same sector. Relying simply on the definitions, the classification seems unproblematic, but unfortunately an innovation cannot be categorized in absolute. To better clarify the issue, I explain a dilemma faced during the division of my data. A tool used in the tire production process (e.g. a pump) is both product and process innovation simultaneously: a product in the market concerns inflating methods and a process for the tire industry. 23

23 Theoretical Background 2.4 Patents: a quantification of innovation The number of patents as quantitative measure for innovation Knowledge, invention and technical change are elusive notion, difficult to conceptualize and even harder to measure in a consistent, systematic way. The dimension innovation is therefore difficult to quantify in relation to the considerations discussed in the 2.1. Undoubtedly, all the tacit knowledge and "learning by doing" process are virtually impossible to summarize quantitatively in terms of aggregate data and thus they have to be studied on a case by case basis. The phenomenon sizeable at the macro level is rather the sheer inventive activity: the approximation variables for this dimension are patents. They are a direct outcome of the inventive process and, more specifically, of those inventions which are expected to have a commercial impact. They are a particularly appropriate indicator for capturing the proprietary and competitive dimension of technological change. Patents are classified according to their technological contents, by means of continuously updated international classifications. Thus they provide information not only on the rate of inventive activity, but also on its direction. A patent contains much information such as the identity and location of the inventors, inventor s employer and a technological thorough description. Obtaining a patent may involve an inventive non-negligible effort, because the prerequisites for patentability are: Novelty: the invention must not be part of the state of the prior art, for prior art is meant all that was available to the public before to the date of filing the patent application; Non obviousness: the inventive step for a person skilled in the technological field of the invention should not be so obvious from the state of the art; Industrial applicability: the invention must be manufactured or used in any kind of industry; Lawfulness: the invention must not be contrary to public policy and morality. 24

Ministero della Salute Direzione Generale della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica Bando Giovani Ricercatori - 2007 FULL PROJECT FORM

Ministero della Salute Direzione Generale della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica Bando Giovani Ricercatori - 2007 FULL PROJECT FORM ALLEGATO 2 FULL PROJECT FORM FORM 1 FORM 1 General information about the project PROJECT SCIENTIFIC COORDINATOR TITLE OF THE PROJECT (max 90 characters) TOTAL BUDGET OF THE PROJECT FUNDING REQUIRED TO

Dettagli

Data Alignment and (Geo)Referencing (sometimes Registration process)

Data Alignment and (Geo)Referencing (sometimes Registration process) Data Alignment and (Geo)Referencing (sometimes Registration process) All data aquired from a scan position are refered to an intrinsic reference system (even if more than one scan has been performed) Data

Dettagli

Informazioni su questo libro

Informazioni su questo libro Informazioni su questo libro Si tratta della copia digitale di un libro che per generazioni è stato conservata negli scaffali di una biblioteca prima di essere digitalizzato da Google nell ambito del progetto

Dettagli

APPLICATION FORM 1. YOUR MOTIVATION/ LA TUA MOTIVAZIONE

APPLICATION FORM 1. YOUR MOTIVATION/ LA TUA MOTIVAZIONE APPLICATION FORM Thank you for your interest in our project. We would like to understand better your motivation in taking part in this specific project. So please, read carefully the form, answer the questions

Dettagli

Narrare i gruppi. Rivista semestrale pubblicata on-line dal 2006 Indirizzo web: www.narrareigruppi.it - Direttore responsabile: Giuseppe Licari

Narrare i gruppi. Rivista semestrale pubblicata on-line dal 2006 Indirizzo web: www.narrareigruppi.it - Direttore responsabile: Giuseppe Licari Narrare i gruppi Etnografia dell interazione quotidiana Prospettive cliniche e sociali ISSN: 2281-8960 Narrare i gruppi. Etnografia dell'interazione quotidiana. Prospettive cliniche e sociali è una Rivista

Dettagli

e-spare Parts User Manual Peg Perego Service Site Peg Perego [Dicembre 2011]

e-spare Parts User Manual Peg Perego Service Site Peg Perego [Dicembre 2011] Peg Perego Service Site Peg Perego [Dicembre 2011] 2 Esegui il login: ecco la nuova Home page per il portale servizi. Log in: welcome to the new Peg Perego Service site. Scegli il servizio selezionando

Dettagli

Process automation Grazie a oltre trent anni di presenza nel settore e all esperienza maturata in ambito nazionale e internazionale, Elsag Datamat ha acquisito un profondo know-how dei processi industriali,

Dettagli

Business Process Management

Business Process Management Business Process Management Come si organizza un progetto di BPM 1 INDICE Organizzazione di un progetto di Business Process Management Tipo di intervento Struttura del progetto BPM Process Performance

Dettagli

Mario Sbriccoli, Ercole Sori. Alberto Grohmann, Giacomina Nenci, UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DELLA REPUBBLICA DI SAN MARINO CENTRO SAMMARINESE

Mario Sbriccoli, Ercole Sori. Alberto Grohmann, Giacomina Nenci, UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DELLA REPUBBLICA DI SAN MARINO CENTRO SAMMARINESE copertina univ. 21 11-04-2005 16:30 Pagina 1 A State and its history in the volumes 1-20 (1993-1999) of the San Marino Center for Historical Studies The San Marino Centre for Historical Studies came into

Dettagli

Gi-Gi Art. 859 - User's Guide Istruzioni d'uso

Gi-Gi Art. 859 - User's Guide Istruzioni d'uso doc.4.12-06/03 Gi-Gi Art. 859 - User's Guide Istruzioni d'uso A belaying plate that can be used in many different conditions Una piastrina d'assicurazione che può essere utilizzata in condizioni diverse.

Dettagli

Sistemi di gestione dei dati e dei processi aziendali. Information Technology General Controls

Sistemi di gestione dei dati e dei processi aziendali. Information Technology General Controls Information Technology General Controls Indice degli argomenti Introduzione agli ITGC ITGC e altre componenti del COSO Framework Sviluppo e manutenzione degli applicativi Gestione operativa delle infrastrutture

Dettagli

PRESENT SIMPLE. Indicativo Presente = Presente Abituale. Tom s everyday life

PRESENT SIMPLE. Indicativo Presente = Presente Abituale. Tom s everyday life PRESENT SIMPLE Indicativo Presente = Presente Abituale Prerequisiti: - Pronomi personali soggetto e complemento - Aggettivi possessivi - Esprimere l ora - Presente indicativo dei verbi essere ed avere

Dettagli

Guida ai Parametri di negoziazione dei mercati regolamentati organizzati e gestiti da Borsa Italiana

Guida ai Parametri di negoziazione dei mercati regolamentati organizzati e gestiti da Borsa Italiana Guida ai Parametri di negoziazione dei mercati regolamentati organizzati e gestiti da Borsa Italiana Versione 04 1/28 INTRODUZIONE La Guida ai Parametri contiene la disciplina relativa ai limiti di variazione

Dettagli

CMMI-Dev V1.3. Capability Maturity Model Integration for Software Development, Version 1.3. Roma, 2012 Ercole Colonese

CMMI-Dev V1.3. Capability Maturity Model Integration for Software Development, Version 1.3. Roma, 2012 Ercole Colonese CMMI-Dev V1.3 Capability Maturity Model Integration for Software Development, Version 1.3 Roma, 2012 Agenda Che cos è il CMMI Costellazione di modelli Approccio staged e continuous Aree di processo Goals

Dettagli

Istruzione N. Versione. Ultima. modifica. Funzione. Data 18/12/2009. Firma. Approvato da: ASSEMBLAGGIO COLLAUDO TRAINING IMBALLO. service 07.

Istruzione N. Versione. Ultima. modifica. Funzione. Data 18/12/2009. Firma. Approvato da: ASSEMBLAGGIO COLLAUDO TRAINING IMBALLO. service 07. Istruzione N 62 Data creazione 18/ 12/2009 Versione N 00 Ultima modifica TIPO ISTRUZIONE ASSEMBLAGGIO COLLAUDO TRAINING MODIFICA TEST FUNZIONALE RIPARAZIONE/SOSTITUZIONE IMBALLO TITOLO DELL ISTRUZIONE

Dettagli

Il test valuta la capacità di pensare?

Il test valuta la capacità di pensare? Il test valuta la capacità di pensare? Per favore compili il seguente questionario senza farsi aiutare da altri. Cognome e Nome Data di Nascita / / Quanti anni scolastici ha frequentato? Maschio Femmina

Dettagli

HIGH SPEED FIMER. HSF (High Speed Fimer)

HIGH SPEED FIMER. HSF (High Speed Fimer) HSF PROCESS HSF (High Speed Fimer) HIGH SPEED FIMER The development of Fimer HSF innovative process represent a revolution particularly on the welding process of low (and high) alloy steels as well as

Dettagli

group HIGH CURRENT MULTIPLEX NODE

group HIGH CURRENT MULTIPLEX NODE HIGH CURRENT MULTIPLEX NODE edizione/edition 04-2010 HIGH CURRENT MULTIPLEX NODE DESCRIZIONE GENERALE GENERAL DESCRIPTION L'unità di controllo COBO è una centralina elettronica Multiplex Slave ; la sua

Dettagli

MODULO DI ISCRIZIONE - ENROLMENT FORM

MODULO DI ISCRIZIONE - ENROLMENT FORM Under the Patronage of Comune di Portofino Regione Liguria 1ST INTERNATIONAL OPERA SINGING COMPETITION OF PORTOFINO from 27th to 31st July 2015 MODULO DI ISCRIZIONE - ENROLMENT FORM Direzione artistica

Dettagli

L OPPORTUNITÀ DEL RECUPERO DI EFFICIENZA OPERATIVA PUÒ NASCONDERSI NEI DATI DELLA TUA AZIENDA?

L OPPORTUNITÀ DEL RECUPERO DI EFFICIENZA OPERATIVA PUÒ NASCONDERSI NEI DATI DELLA TUA AZIENDA? OSSERVATORIO IT GOVERNANCE L OPPORTUNITÀ DEL RECUPERO DI EFFICIENZA OPERATIVA PUÒ NASCONDERSI NEI DATI DELLA TUA AZIENDA? A cura del Professor Marcello La Rosa, Direttore Accademico (corporate programs

Dettagli

TAL LIVELLO A2. Test scritto in 5 parti ( 50 minuti) Prova d ascolto (10 minuti) PARTE I: Comprensione del testo. PARTE II: Cloze test

TAL LIVELLO A2. Test scritto in 5 parti ( 50 minuti) Prova d ascolto (10 minuti) PARTE I: Comprensione del testo. PARTE II: Cloze test TAL LIVELLO A2 Test scritto in 5 parti ( 50 minuti) Prova d ascolto (10 minuti) PARTE I: Comprensione del testo PARTE II: Cloze test PARTE III: Grammatica PARTE IV: Scrittura guidata PARTE V: Scrittura

Dettagli

IT Service Management, le best practice per la gestione dei servizi

IT Service Management, le best practice per la gestione dei servizi Il Framework ITIL e gli Standard di PMI : : possibili sinergie Milano, Venerdì, 11 Luglio 2008 IT Service Management, le best practice per la gestione dei servizi Maxime Sottini Slide 1 Agenda Introduzione

Dettagli

Mod. VS/AM VALVOLE DI SFIORO E SICUREZZA RELIEF VALVES AND SAFETY DEVICES

Mod. VS/AM VALVOLE DI SFIORO E SICUREZZA RELIEF VALVES AND SAFETY DEVICES Mod VS/AM VALVOLE DI SFIORO E SICUREZZA RELIEF VALVES AND SAFETY DEVICES VALVOLE DI SFIORO E SICUREZZA RELIEF VALVES AND SAFETY DEVICES Mod VS/AM 65 1 2 VS/AM 65 STANDARD VS/AM 65 CON RACCORDI VS/AM 65

Dettagli

PMI. Management Maturity Model, OPM3 Second Edition 2008

PMI. Management Maturity Model, OPM3 Second Edition 2008 Nuovi standard PMI, certificazioni professionali e non solo Milano, 20 marzo 2009 PMI Organizational Project Management Maturity Model, OPM3 Second Edition 2008 Andrea Caccamese, PMP Prince2 Practitioner

Dettagli

Presentazioni multimediali relative al senso del tatto DIMENSIONI LIVELLO INIZIALE LIVELLO INTERMEDIO LIVELLO AVANZATO

Presentazioni multimediali relative al senso del tatto DIMENSIONI LIVELLO INIZIALE LIVELLO INTERMEDIO LIVELLO AVANZATO PERCORSO DI INSEGNAMENTO/APPRENDIMENTO TIPO DI UdP: SEMPLICE (monodisciplinare) ARTICOLATO (pluridisciplinare) Progetto didattico N. 1 Titolo : Let s investigate the world with our touch! Durata: Annuale

Dettagli

MANUALE GRANDE PUNTO. A number of this manual are strongly recommends you read and download manuale grande punto information in this manual.

MANUALE GRANDE PUNTO. A number of this manual are strongly recommends you read and download manuale grande punto information in this manual. MANUALE GRANDE PUNTO A number of this manual are strongly recommends you read and download information in this manual. Although not all products are identical, even those that range from same brand name

Dettagli

General Taxonomy of Planology [Tassonomia generale della Planologia] (TAXOCODE) Reduced form [Forma ridotta] Classification Code for all sectors of

General Taxonomy of Planology [Tassonomia generale della Planologia] (TAXOCODE) Reduced form [Forma ridotta] Classification Code for all sectors of General Taxonomy of Planology [Tassonomia generale della Planologia] (TAXOCODE) Reduced form [Forma ridotta] Classification Code for all sectors of study and research according the Information System for

Dettagli

COMINCIAMO A SENTIRCI UNA FAMIGLIA

COMINCIAMO A SENTIRCI UNA FAMIGLIA COMINCIAMO A SENTIRCI UNA FAMIGLIA IL PRIMO GIORNO CON LA FAMIGLIA OSPITANTE FIRST DAY WITH THE HOST FAMILY Questa serie di domande, a cui gli studenti risponderanno insieme alle loro famiglie, vuole aiutare

Dettagli

CatalogoItalianBuffalo210x245esec_Layout 1 24/04/15 17.55 Pagina 1

CatalogoItalianBuffalo210x245esec_Layout 1 24/04/15 17.55 Pagina 1 CatalogoItalianBuffalo210x245esec_Layout 1 24/04/15 17.55 Pagina 1 CatalogoItalianBuffalo210x245esec_Layout 1 24/04/15 17.55 Pagina 2 BUFALO MEDITERRANEO ITALIANO Mediterranean Italian Buffalo RICONOSCIUTO

Dettagli

Zeroshell come client OpenVPN

Zeroshell come client OpenVPN Zeroshell come client OpenVPN (di un server OpenVpn Linux) Le funzionalità di stabilire connessioni VPN di Zeroshell vede come scenario solito Zeroshell sia come client sia come server e per scelta architetturale,

Dettagli

1. Uno studente universitario, dopo aver superato tre esami, ha la media di 28. Nell esame successivo

1. Uno studente universitario, dopo aver superato tre esami, ha la media di 28. Nell esame successivo Prova di verifica classi quarte 1. Uno studente universitario, dopo aver superato tre esami, ha la media di 28. Nell esame successivo lo studente prende 20. Qual è la media dopo il quarto esame? A 26 24

Dettagli

trovando in loro, veramente ma non pomposamente, le leggi principali della nostra natura:

trovando in loro, veramente ma non pomposamente, le leggi principali della nostra natura: From : The principal object - To : notions in simple and unelaborated expressions. The principal object, then, proposed in these Poems was to choose incidents L oggetto principale, poi, proposto in queste

Dettagli

INFORMATIVA EMITTENTI N. 22/2015

INFORMATIVA EMITTENTI N. 22/2015 INFORMATIVA EMITTENTI N. 22/2015 Data: 23/04/2015 Ora: 17:45 Mittente: UniCredit S.p.A. Oggetto: Pioneer Investments e Santander Asset Management: unite per creare un leader globale nell asset management

Dettagli

JUMP INTO THE PSS WORLD AND ENJOY THE DIVE EVOLUTION

JUMP INTO THE PSS WORLD AND ENJOY THE DIVE EVOLUTION JUMP INTO THE PSS WORLD AND ENJOY THE DIVE EVOLUTION PSS Worldwide is one of the most important diver training agencies in the world. It was created thanks to the passion of a few dedicated diving instructors

Dettagli

PANNELLO FRONTALE: QUERCIA STYLE CANNELLA PROFILO: PINO NERO PIANO DI SERVIZIO E ZOCCOLO: AGGLOMERATO MEROPE

PANNELLO FRONTALE: QUERCIA STYLE CANNELLA PROFILO: PINO NERO PIANO DI SERVIZIO E ZOCCOLO: AGGLOMERATO MEROPE Una proposta dall estetica esclusiva, in cui tutti gli elementi compositivi sono ispirati dalla geometria più pura e dalla massima essenzialità del disegno per un progetto caratterizzato da semplicità

Dettagli

4 to 7 funds 8 to 15 funds. 16 to 25 funds 26 to 40 funds. 41 to 70 funds

4 to 7 funds 8 to 15 funds. 16 to 25 funds 26 to 40 funds. 41 to 70 funds 4 to 7 funds 8 to 15 funds 16 to 25 funds 26 to 40 funds 41 to 70 funds 53 Chi siamo Epsilon SGR è una società di gestione del risparmio del gruppo Intesa Sanpaolo specializzata nella gestione di portafoglio

Dettagli

Lezione 20: Strutture di controllo di robot. avanzati

Lezione 20: Strutture di controllo di robot. avanzati Robotica Mobile Lezione 20: Strutture di controllo di robot Come costruire un architettura BARCS L architettura BARCS Behavioural Architecture Robot Control System Strategie Strategie Obiettivi Obiettivi

Dettagli

PerformAzioni International Workshop Festival 22nd February 3rd May 2013 LIV Performing Arts Centre Bologna, Italy APPLICATION FORM AND BANK DETAILS

PerformAzioni International Workshop Festival 22nd February 3rd May 2013 LIV Performing Arts Centre Bologna, Italy APPLICATION FORM AND BANK DETAILS PerformAzioni International Workshop Festival 22nd February 3rd May 2013 LIV Performing Arts Centre Bologna, Italy APPLICATION FORM AND BANK DETAILS La domanda di partecipazione deve essere compilata e

Dettagli

MANUALE CASALINI M10. A number of this manual are strongly recommends you read and download manuale casalini m10 information in this manual.

MANUALE CASALINI M10. A number of this manual are strongly recommends you read and download manuale casalini m10 information in this manual. MANUALE CASALINI M10 A number of this manual are strongly recommends you read and download information in this manual. Although not all products are identical, even people who come from the same brand

Dettagli

Smobilizzo pro-soluto di Lettere di Credito Import

Smobilizzo pro-soluto di Lettere di Credito Import definizione L operazione presuppone l emissione di una lettera di credito IMPORT in favore dell esportatore estero, con termine di pagamento differito (es. 180 gg dalla data di spedizione con documenti

Dettagli

1. Che cos è. 2. A che cosa serve

1. Che cos è. 2. A che cosa serve 1. Che cos è Il Supplemento al diploma è una certificazione integrativa del titolo ufficiale conseguito al termine di un corso di studi in una università o in un istituto di istruzione superiore corrisponde

Dettagli

Presentazione per. «La governance dei progetti agili: esperienze a confronto»

Presentazione per. «La governance dei progetti agili: esperienze a confronto» Presentazione per «La governance dei progetti agili: esperienze a confronto» Pascal Jansen pascal.jansen@inspearit.com Evento «Agile Project Management» Firenze, 6 Marzo 2013 Agenda Due parole su inspearit

Dettagli

Rilascio dei Permessi Volo

Rilascio dei Permessi Volo R E P U B L I C O F S A N M A R I N O C I V I L A V I A T I O N A U T H O R I T Y SAN MARINO CIVIL AVIATION REGULATION Rilascio dei Permessi Volo SM-CAR PART 5 Approvazione: Ing. Marco Conti official of

Dettagli

Il programma Interreg CENTRAL EUROPE

Il programma Interreg CENTRAL EUROPE Il primo bando del programma Interreg CENTRAL EUROPE, Verona, 20.02.2015 Il programma Interreg CENTRAL EUROPE Benedetta Pricolo, Punto di contatto nazionale, Regione del Veneto INFORMAZIONI DI BASE 246

Dettagli

INTERNET e RETI di CALCOLATORI A.A. 2014/2015 Capitolo 4 DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Fausto Marcantoni fausto.marcantoni@unicam.

INTERNET e RETI di CALCOLATORI A.A. 2014/2015 Capitolo 4 DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Fausto Marcantoni fausto.marcantoni@unicam. Laurea in INFORMATICA INTERNET e RETI di CALCOLATORI A.A. 2014/2015 Capitolo 4 Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol fausto.marcantoni@unicam.it Prima di iniziare... Gli indirizzi IP privati possono essere

Dettagli

Il Form C cartaceo ed elettronico

Il Form C cartaceo ed elettronico Il Form C cartaceo ed elettronico Giusy Lo Grasso Roma, 9 luglio 2012 Reporting DURANTE IL PROGETTO VENGONO RICHIESTI PERIODIC REPORT entro 60 giorni dalla fine del periodo indicato all Art 4 del GA DELIVERABLES

Dettagli

DTT : DECODER, SWITCH- OFF PROCESS, CNID. Roberto de Martino Contents and Multimedia Department RAK/AGCOM

DTT : DECODER, SWITCH- OFF PROCESS, CNID. Roberto de Martino Contents and Multimedia Department RAK/AGCOM DTT : DECODER, SWITCH- OFF PROCESS, CNID Roberto de Martino Contents and Multimedia Department RAK/AGCOM List of contents 1. Introduction 2. Decoder 3. Switch-off process 4. CNID Introduction 1. Introduction

Dettagli

Materia: INGLESE Data: 24/10/2004

Materia: INGLESE Data: 24/10/2004 ! VERBI CHE TERMINANO IN... COME COSTRUIRE IL SIMPLE PAST ESEMPIO e aggiungere -d live - lived date - dated consonante + y 1 vocale + 1 consonante (ma non w o y) cambiare y in i, poi aggiungere -ed raddoppiare

Dettagli

il materiale e Le forme evocano direttamente il corpo celeste, lo riproducono in ogni venatura. Proprio come avere una piccola luna tutta per sé.

il materiale e Le forme evocano direttamente il corpo celeste, lo riproducono in ogni venatura. Proprio come avere una piccola luna tutta per sé. il materiale e Le forme evocano direttamente il corpo celeste, lo riproducono in ogni venatura. Proprio come avere una piccola luna tutta per sé. COLLECTION luna material and shapes evoke the celestial

Dettagli

Principali prove meccaniche su materiali polimerici

Principali prove meccaniche su materiali polimerici modulo: Proprietà viscoelastiche e proprietà meccaniche dei polimeri Principali prove meccaniche su materiali polimerici R. Pantani Scheda tecnica di un materiale polimerico Standard per prove meccaniche

Dettagli

Present Perfect SCUOLA SECONDARIA I GRADO LORENZO GHIBERTI ISTITUTO COMPRENSIVO DI PELAGO CLASSI III C/D

Present Perfect SCUOLA SECONDARIA I GRADO LORENZO GHIBERTI ISTITUTO COMPRENSIVO DI PELAGO CLASSI III C/D SCUOLA SECONDARIA I GRADO LORENZO GHIBERTI ISTITUTO COMPRENSIVO DI PELAGO CLASSI III C/D Present Perfect Affirmative Forma intera I have played we have played you have played you have played he has played

Dettagli

CATENE E COMPONENTI DI GRADO 8-10-INOX, BRACHE DI POLIESTERE E ANCORAGGI, BRACHE DI FUNE

CATENE E COMPONENTI DI GRADO 8-10-INOX, BRACHE DI POLIESTERE E ANCORAGGI, BRACHE DI FUNE CATENE E COMPONENTI DI GRADO 8-10-INOX, BRACHE DI POLIESTERE E ANCORAGGI, BRACHE DI FUNE L esperienza e la passione per l ingegneria sono determinanti per la definizione della nostra politica di prodotto,

Dettagli

Editoriale VALUTAZIONE PER L E.C.M.: ANALISI DEI QUESTIONARI DI GRADIMENTO

Editoriale VALUTAZIONE PER L E.C.M.: ANALISI DEI QUESTIONARI DI GRADIMENTO Lo Spallanzani (2007) 21: 5-10 C. Beggi e Al. Editoriale VALUTAZIONE PER L E.C.M.: ANALISI DEI QUESTIONARI DI GRADIMENTO IL GRADIMENTO DEI DISCENTI, INDICATORE DI SODDISFAZIONE DELLE ATTIVITÀ FORMATIVE

Dettagli

Qual è l errore più comune tra i Trader sul Forex e come possiamo evitarlo? David Rodriguez, Quantitative Strategist drodriguez@dailyfx.

Qual è l errore più comune tra i Trader sul Forex e come possiamo evitarlo? David Rodriguez, Quantitative Strategist drodriguez@dailyfx. Qual è l errore più comune tra i Trader sul Forex e come possiamo evitarlo? David Rodriguez, Quantitative Strategist drodriguez@dailyfx.com Avvertenza di Rischio: Il Margin Trading su forex e/o CFD comporta

Dettagli

Manuale BDM - TRUCK -

Manuale BDM - TRUCK - Manuale BDM - TRUCK - FG Technology 1/38 EOBD2 Indice Index Premessa / Premise............................................. 3 Il modulo EOBD2 / The EOBD2 module........................... 4 Pin dell interfaccia

Dettagli

MS OFFICE COMMUNICATIONS SERVER 2007 IMPLEMENTING AND MAINTAINING AUDIO/VISUAL CONFERENCING AND WEB CONFERENCING

MS OFFICE COMMUNICATIONS SERVER 2007 IMPLEMENTING AND MAINTAINING AUDIO/VISUAL CONFERENCING AND WEB CONFERENCING MS OFFICE COMMUNICATIONS SERVER 2007 IMPLEMENTING AND MAINTAINING AUDIO/VISUAL CONFERENCING AND WEB CONFERENCING UN BUON MOTIVO PER [cod. E603] L obiettivo del corso è fornire le competenze e conoscenze

Dettagli

These data are only utilised to the purpose of obtaining anonymous statistics on the users of this site and to check correct functionality.

These data are only utilised to the purpose of obtaining anonymous statistics on the users of this site and to check correct functionality. Privacy INFORMATIVE ON PRIVACY (Art.13 D.lgs 30 giugno 2003, Law n.196) Dear Guest, we wish to inform, in accordance to the our Law # 196/Comma 13 June 30th 1996, Article related to the protection of all

Dettagli

Prodotto Isi Web Knowledge

Prodotto Isi Web Knowledge Guida pratica all uso di: Web of Science Prodotto Isi Web Knowledge acura di Liana Taverniti Biblioteca ISG INMP INMP I prodotti ISI Web of Knowledge sono basi di dati di alta qualità di ricerca alle quali

Dettagli

5 cabins (1 main deck+ 4 lower deck) Legno: essenza di rovere naturale Rigatino Wood: striped oak

5 cabins (1 main deck+ 4 lower deck) Legno: essenza di rovere naturale Rigatino Wood: striped oak Tipo: Type: 5 cabine (1 main deck+ 4 lower deck) 5 cabins (1 main deck+ 4 lower deck) Legno: essenza di rovere naturale Rigatino Wood: striped oak Tessuti: Dedar Fanfara, Paola Lenti Fabrics: Dedar Fanfara,

Dettagli

Castello di San Donato in Perano Matrimoni nel Chianti Weddings in Chianti

Castello di San Donato in Perano Matrimoni nel Chianti Weddings in Chianti Castello di San Donato in Perano Matrimoni nel Chianti Weddings in Chianti Sede di Rappresentanza: Castello di San Donato in Perano 53013 Gaiole in Chianti (Si) Tel. 0577-744121 Fax 0577-745024 www.castellosandonato.it

Dettagli

Official Announcement Codice Italia Academy

Official Announcement Codice Italia Academy a c a d e m y Official Announcement Codice Italia Academy INITIATIVES FOR THE BIENNALE ARTE 2015 PROMOTED BY THE MIBACT DIREZIONE GENERALE ARTE E ARCHITETTURA CONTEMPORANEE E PERIFERIE URBANE cured by

Dettagli

Catalogo Trattamento dell Aria - Collezione 2009

Catalogo Trattamento dell Aria - Collezione 2009 Catalogo Trattamento dell Aria - Collezione 2009 SECCOTECH & S 8 SeccoTech & Secco Tecnologia al servizio della deumidificazione Technology at dehumidification's service Potenti ed armoniosi Seccotech

Dettagli

MANAGEMENT MISSION, far crescere i collaboratori

MANAGEMENT MISSION, far crescere i collaboratori Trasformare le persone da esecutori a deleg-abili rappresenta uno dei compiti più complessi per un responsabile aziendale, ma è anche un opportunità unica per valorizzare il patrimonio di competenze aziendali

Dettagli

LICEO DELLE SCIENZE UMANE LICEO ECONOMICO SOCIALE. PROGRAMMA ESAMI INTEGRATIVI/IDONEITA' DI INGLESE (1, 2, 3 e 4 anno) CLASSE PRIMA

LICEO DELLE SCIENZE UMANE LICEO ECONOMICO SOCIALE. PROGRAMMA ESAMI INTEGRATIVI/IDONEITA' DI INGLESE (1, 2, 3 e 4 anno) CLASSE PRIMA (1, 2, 3 e 4 anno) CLASSE PRIMA Simple del verbo to be in tutte le sue forme Il Present Simple del verbo to have (got) in tutte le sue forme I pronomi soggetto e complemento Gli aggettivi e pronomi possessivi

Dettagli

È un progetto di Project by Comune di Numana Ideazione

È un progetto di Project by Comune di Numana Ideazione LA CALETTA È proprio nell ambito del progetto NetCet che si è deciso di realizzare qui, in uno dei tratti di costa più belli della Riviera del Conero, un area di riabilitazione o pre-rilascio denominata

Dettagli

ITIL v3, il nuovo framework per l ITSM

ITIL v3, il nuovo framework per l ITSM ITIL v3, il nuovo framework per l ITSM ( a cura di Stefania Renna ITIL - IBM) Pag. 1 Alcune immagini contenute in questo documento fanno riferimento a documentazione prodotta da ITIL Intl che ne detiene

Dettagli

ITALIAN: SECOND LANGUAGE GENERAL COURSE

ITALIAN: SECOND LANGUAGE GENERAL COURSE ITALIAN: SECOND LANGUAGE GENERAL COURSE Externally set task Sample 2016 Note: This Externally set task sample is based on the following content from Unit 3 of the General Year 12 syllabus. Learning contexts

Dettagli

Teoria della misurazione e misurabilità di grandezze non fisiche

Teoria della misurazione e misurabilità di grandezze non fisiche Teoria della misurazione e misurabilità di grandezze non fisiche Versione 12.6.05 Teoria della misurazione e misurabilità di grandezze non fisiche 1 Il contesto del discorso (dalla lezione introduttiva)

Dettagli

Catalogo Trattamento dell Aria - Collezione 2009

Catalogo Trattamento dell Aria - Collezione 2009 Catalogo Trattamento dell Aria - Collezione 2009 SECCOASCIUTT 16 SeccoAsciutto EL & SeccoAsciutto Thermo Piccolo e potente, deumidifica e asciuga Small and powerful, dehumidifies and dries Deumidificare

Dettagli

24V DC ±10% 0.5... 1 W. Fluido Fluid. 15 Nl/min

24V DC ±10% 0.5... 1 W. Fluido Fluid. 15 Nl/min elettropiloti 0 mm 0 mm solenoids Elettropilota Solenoid valve 0 mm 00.44.0 ACCESSORI - ACCESSORIES 07.049.0 Connettore per elettropilota 0 mm con cavetto rosso/nero, lunghezza 400 mm - connector for 0

Dettagli

Delta. Centro di progettazione e sviluppo. Research & Development Department. Controllo resistenza alla corrosione Corrosion resistance testing.

Delta. Centro di progettazione e sviluppo. Research & Development Department. Controllo resistenza alla corrosione Corrosion resistance testing. Delta PATENT PENDING Sistema di apertura per ante a ribalta senza alcun ingombro all interno del mobile. Lift system for doors with vertical opening: cabinet interior completely fittingless. Delta Centro

Dettagli

Il business risk reporting: lo. gestione continua dei rischi

Il business risk reporting: lo. gestione continua dei rischi 18 ottobre 2012 Il business risk reporting: lo strumento essenziale per la gestione continua dei rischi Stefano Oddone, EPM Sales Consulting Senior Manager di Oracle 1 AGENDA L importanza di misurare Business

Dettagli

E INNOVAZIONE EFFICIENZA AND INNOVATION EFFICIENCY PER CRESCERE IN EDEFFICACIA TO GROW IN AND EFFECTIVENESS

E INNOVAZIONE EFFICIENZA AND INNOVATION EFFICIENCY PER CRESCERE IN EDEFFICACIA TO GROW IN AND EFFECTIVENESS Una società certificata di qualità UNI EN ISO 9001-2000 per: Progettazione ed erogazione di servizi di consulenza per l accesso ai programmi di finanziamento europei, nazionali e regionali. FIT Consulting

Dettagli

Il VaR: Metodi quantitativi basilari. Aldo Nassigh Financial Risk Management A.A. 2011/12 Lezione 2

Il VaR: Metodi quantitativi basilari. Aldo Nassigh Financial Risk Management A.A. 2011/12 Lezione 2 Il VaR: Metodi quantitativi basilari Aldo Nassigh Financial Risk Management A.A. 2011/12 Lezione 2 Distribuzione futura del rendimento di un asset/portafoglio Il calcolo del VaR richiede la conoscenza

Dettagli

Virtualizzazione con Microsoft Tecnologie e Licensing

Virtualizzazione con Microsoft Tecnologie e Licensing Microsoft Virtualizzazione con Microsoft Tecnologie e Licensing Profile Redirezione dei documenti Offline files Server Presentation Management Desktop Windows Vista Enterprise Centralized Desktop Application

Dettagli

Section I - The Process of Project Risk Management in Selex-ES and the supporting tools

Section I - The Process of Project Risk Management in Selex-ES and the supporting tools Agenda Section I - The Process of Project Risk Management in Selex-ES and the supporting tools Section II - The Data Representation Problem and the construction of the Model Section III - Data Analysis

Dettagli

HTA: PRINCIPI, LOGICHE OPERATIVE ED ESPERIENZE. Cosa è l HTA?

HTA: PRINCIPI, LOGICHE OPERATIVE ED ESPERIENZE. Cosa è l HTA? HTA: PRINCIPI, LOGICHE OPERATIVE ED ESPERIENZE Cosa è l HTA? Marco Marchetti Unità di Valutazione delle Tecnologie Policlinico Universitario "Agostino Gemelli Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore L Health

Dettagli

DDS elettronica srl si riserva il diritto di apportare modifiche senza preavviso /we reserves the right to make changes without notice

DDS elettronica srl si riserva il diritto di apportare modifiche senza preavviso /we reserves the right to make changes without notice Maccarone Maccarone Maccarone integra 10 LED POWER TOP alta efficienza, in tecnologia FULL COLOR che permette di raggiungere colori e sfumature ad alta definizione. Ogni singolo led full color di Maccarone

Dettagli

I was not you were not he was not she was not it was not we were not you were not they were not. Was I not? Were you not? Was she not?

I was not you were not he was not she was not it was not we were not you were not they were not. Was I not? Were you not? Was she not? Il passato Grammar File 12 Past simple Il past simple inglese corrisponde al passato prossimo, al passato remoto e, in alcuni casi, all imperfetto italiano. Con l eccezione del verbo be, la forma del past

Dettagli

Corso Base ITIL V3 2008

Corso Base ITIL V3 2008 Corso Base ITIL V3 2008 PROXYMA Contrà San Silvestro, 14 36100 Vicenza Tel. 0444 544522 Fax 0444 234400 Email: proxyma@proxyma.it L informazione come risorsa strategica Nelle aziende moderne l informazione

Dettagli

BOSCH EDC16/EDC16+/ME9

BOSCH EDC16/EDC16+/ME9 pag. 16 di 49 BOSCH EDC16/EDC16+/ME9 BOSCH EDC16/EDC16+/ME9 Identificare la zona dove sono poste le piazzole dove andremo a saldare il connettore. Le piazzole sono situate in tutte le centraline Bosch

Dettagli

PROTOCOLLO DI STUDIO MEDIANTE TEST ALLA FLECAINIDE NELLA SINDROME DI BRUGADA

PROTOCOLLO DI STUDIO MEDIANTE TEST ALLA FLECAINIDE NELLA SINDROME DI BRUGADA PROTOCOLLO DI STUDIO MEDIANTE TEST ALLA FLECAINIDE NELLA SINDROME DI BRUGADA 2 La SINDROME DI BRUGADA è una malattia generalmente ereditaria, a trasmissione autosomica dominante, che coinvolge esclusivamente

Dettagli

BATTERIE ENERGA AL LITIO

BATTERIE ENERGA AL LITIO BATTERIE ENERGA AL LITIO Batterie avviamento ultraleggere - Extra-light starter batteries Le batterie con tecnologia al Litio di ENERGA sono circa 5 volte più leggere delle tradizionali al piombo. Ciò

Dettagli

Il vostro sogno diventa realtà... Your dream comes true... Close to Volterra,portions for sale of "typical tuscan"

Il vostro sogno diventa realtà... Your dream comes true... Close to Volterra,portions for sale of typical tuscan Il vostro sogno diventa realtà... Vicinanze di Volterra vendita di porzione di fabbricato "tipico Toscano" realizzate da recupero di casolare in bellissima posizione panoramica. Your dream comes true...

Dettagli

FOCUS. Eberhard & Co. 125 anniversario di fondazione

FOCUS. Eberhard & Co. 125 anniversario di fondazione FOCUS Eberhard & Co. 125 anniversario di fondazione Versione in acciaio Extra-fort Roue à Colonnes Grande Date 125ème Anniversaire, cronografo automatico con scala tachimetrica. Steel version Extra-fort

Dettagli

WWW.TINYLOC.COM CUSTOMER SERVICE GPS/ RADIOTRACKING DOG COLLAR. T. (+34) 937 907 971 F. (+34) 937 571 329 sales@tinyloc.com

WWW.TINYLOC.COM CUSTOMER SERVICE GPS/ RADIOTRACKING DOG COLLAR. T. (+34) 937 907 971 F. (+34) 937 571 329 sales@tinyloc.com WWW.TINYLOC.COM CUSTOMER SERVICE T. (+34) 937 907 971 F. (+34) 937 571 329 sales@tinyloc.com GPS/ RADIOTRACKING DOG COLLAR MANUALE DI ISTRUZIONI ACCENSIONE / SPEGNERE DEL TAG HOUND Finder GPS Il TAG HOUND

Dettagli

Service & Process Corel X5

Service & Process Corel X5 L A B Rollwasch mette a disposizione dei potenziali clienti, un test preliminare di finitura gratuito. Rollwasch offers to potential customers, a preliminary test of finish, free of charge. Calcolare la

Dettagli

Training Seminars Cooperate for an intelligent, sustainable and inclusive growth Trasform opportunities into projects

Training Seminars Cooperate for an intelligent, sustainable and inclusive growth Trasform opportunities into projects Training Seminars Cooperate for an intelligent, sustainable and inclusive growth Trasform opportunities into projects PRESENTATION Innovation plays a key role within the European political agenda and impacts

Dettagli

Costruire uno Spin-Off di Successo. Non fidarsi mai dei professori

Costruire uno Spin-Off di Successo. Non fidarsi mai dei professori Costruire uno Spin-Off di Successo Non fidarsi mai dei professori Spin-Off da Università: Definizione Lo Spin-Off da Università è in generale un processo che, partendo da una tecnologia disruptiva sviluppata

Dettagli

LEZIONE 4: PRESENT SIMPLE / PRESENT CONTINUOUS

LEZIONE 4: PRESENT SIMPLE / PRESENT CONTINUOUS LEZIONE 4: PRESENT SIMPLE / PRESENT CONTINUOUS TEMPO PRESENTE In italiano non vi sono differenze particolari tra le due frasi: MANGIO UNA MELA e STO MANGIANDO UNA MELA Entrambe le frasi si possono riferire

Dettagli

Politecnico di Milano Scuola Master Fratelli Pesenti CONSTRUCTION INNOVATION SUSTAINABILITY ENGINEERING

Politecnico di Milano Scuola Master Fratelli Pesenti CONSTRUCTION INNOVATION SUSTAINABILITY ENGINEERING Innovazione nei contenuti e nelle modalità della formazione: il BIM per l integrazione dei diversi aspetti progettuali e oltre gli aspetti manageriali, gestionali, progettuali e costruttivi con strumento

Dettagli

The Verification Process in the ASTRI Project: the Verification Control Document (VCD)

The Verification Process in the ASTRI Project: the Verification Control Document (VCD) The Verification Process in the ASTRI Project: the Verification Control Document (VCD) L. Stringhetti INAF-IASF Milano on behalf of the ASTRI Collaboration 1 1 Summary The ASTRI/CTA project The ASTRI Verification

Dettagli

INFRASTRUCTURE LICENSING WINDOWS SERVER. Microsoft licensing in ambienti virtualizzati. Acronimi

INFRASTRUCTURE LICENSING WINDOWS SERVER. Microsoft licensing in ambienti virtualizzati. Acronimi Microsoft licensing in ambienti virtualizzati Luca De Angelis Product marketing manager Luca.deangelis@microsoft.com Acronimi E Operating System Environment ML Management License CAL Client Access License

Dettagli

IT Service Management: il Framework ITIL. Dalmine, 20 Gennaio 2012 Deborah Meoli, Senior Consultant Quint Italy

IT Service Management: il Framework ITIL. Dalmine, 20 Gennaio 2012 Deborah Meoli, Senior Consultant Quint Italy IT Service Management: il Framework ITIL Dalmine, 20 Gennaio 2012 Deborah Meoli, Senior Consultant Quint Italy Quint Wellington Redwood 2007 Agenda Quint Wellington Redwood Italia IT Service Management

Dettagli

T H O R A F L Y. Sistemi di drenaggio toracico Thoracic drainage systems. Catalogo 2009 - Catalogue 2009 GRUPPO C GROUP C

T H O R A F L Y. Sistemi di drenaggio toracico Thoracic drainage systems. Catalogo 2009 - Catalogue 2009 GRUPPO C GROUP C T H O R A F L Y Sistemi di drenaggio toracico Thoracic drainage systems Catalogo 2009 - Catalogue 2009 GRUPPO C GROUP C SOMMARIO GRUPPO C (SUMMARY C GROUP) 1/C II SISTEMI DI DRENAGGIO TORACICO COMPLETI

Dettagli

AGLI OPERATORI DELLA STAMPA E attiva la procedura di accredito alle Serie WSK 2014. La richiesta di accredito deve pervenire entro il 9 febbraio 2014

AGLI OPERATORI DELLA STAMPA E attiva la procedura di accredito alle Serie WSK 2014. La richiesta di accredito deve pervenire entro il 9 febbraio 2014 AGLI OPERATORI DELLA STAMPA E attiva la procedura di accredito alle Serie WSK 2014. La richiesta di accredito deve pervenire entro il 9 febbraio 2014 Per la richiesta di accredito alla singola gara, le

Dettagli

Non solo benchmark: le prospettive nei modelli gestionali. Stefania Luzi Mefop Roma, 3 luglio 2013

Non solo benchmark: le prospettive nei modelli gestionali. Stefania Luzi Mefop Roma, 3 luglio 2013 Non solo benchmark: le prospettive nei modelli gestionali Stefania Luzi Mefop Roma, 3 luglio 2013 La cronistoria Pre 2009 Modello a benchmark basato su: Pesi delle asset class Benchmark costituito da indici

Dettagli

Aggiornamenti CIO Rivista ufficiale del Club Italiano Osteosintesi

Aggiornamenti CIO Rivista ufficiale del Club Italiano Osteosintesi Aggiornamenti CIO Rivista ufficiale del Club Italiano Osteosintesi Istruzioni per gli Autori Informazioni generali Aggiornamenti CIO è la rivista ufficiale del Club Italiano Osteosintesi e pubblica articoli

Dettagli

LA DIFFERENZA È NECTA

LA DIFFERENZA È NECTA LA DIFFERENZA È NECTA SOLUZIONI BREVETTATE PER UNA BEVANDA PERFETTA Gruppo Caffè Z4000 in versione singolo o doppio espresso Tecnologia Sigma per bevande fresh brew Dispositivo Dual Cup per scegliere il

Dettagli